Author: Commissioners of the Supreme Court
Title: Delhi Homeless Shelter Plan
Publication: Supreme Court Commissioners Office
Publication Date: June 27, 2011
The Supreme Court of India, in the writ petition 196/2001, has directed all state governments and union territories to establish permanent homeless shelters in the ratio of at least one per one lakh urban population in each city, and to include in these numbers sufficient shelters for most vulnerable populations among homeless people, like single women and the aged and infirm.
In order to plan the locations, numbers and nature of permanent shelters to be established for homeless populations in any city, it is necessary to first conduct a rapid survey of homeless populations of the city. This is distinct from the detailed survey which would need to be undertaken subsequently, which would be in the nature of a detailed census of every homeless person (possibly integrated with bio-metrics), in order to ensure individual entitlements to each homeless person and household, such as ration cards, financial inclusion and health insurance.
A survey on the same lines was conducted in Delhi in May-June 2011 to pilot the concept and the report contained in the following sections details the output of that exercise.